what makes bilingual speakers special

Although bilingualism has been associated with enhanced memory, attention, and executive function, there are many more qualities of bilingual speakers about which we are still unsure. I’ve been collaborating with Dr. Huanhuan Liu and her colleagues in China on a number of ERP and fMRI experiments to learn more about bilingualism. Our joint projects have looked into issues including self-positivity bias in local and foreign language contexts (Liu et al., 2022), the impact of emotional conflicts on affective processing (Guo et al., 2022), and more. Our most current research on the neural networks underlying language and modal control in bilinguals has been published in the journal Neuropsychologia.

Related Publications


  1. PsyP
    An event-related potential study of self-positivity bias in native and foreign language contexts
    Shuang Liu, John W Schwieter, Fenqi Wang, and Huanhuan Liu
    Psychophysiology, 2023
  2. NeuroPsy
    Neural circuits underlying language control and modality control in bilinguals: An fMRI study
    Huanhuan Liu, Zibin Guo, Yishan Jiang, John W Schwieter, and Fenqi Wang
    Neuropsychologia, 2023


  1. CereCortex
    Cross-task adaptation effects of bilingual language control on cognitive control: A dual-brain eeg examination of simultaneous production and comprehension
    Huanhuan Liu, Wanqing Li, Mingyue Zuo, Fenqi Wang, Zibin Guo, and John W Schwieter
    Cerebral Cortex, 2022
  2. BioPsy
    First and second languages differentially affect rationality when making decisions: An ERP study
    Linyan Liu, John W Schwieter, Fenqi Wang, and Huanhuan Liu
    Biological Psychology, 2022
  3. CogNeudyn
    Conflicts influence affects: An FMRI study of emotional effects in a conflict task
    Tingting Guo, Fenqi Wang, Ningning Cao, and Huanhuan Liu
    Cognitive Neurodynamics, 2022
  4. PsyP
    Uncovering the effects of bilingual language control on rational decisions: An ERP study
    Dongxue Liu, John W Schwieter, Fenqi Wang, Li Mu, and Huanhuan Liu
    Psychophysiology, 2022


  1. JPsyL
    Effect of cognitive style on language control during joint language switching: An ERP study
    Man Zhang, Xin Wang, Fenqi Wang, and Huanhuan Liu
    Journal of psycholinguistic research, 2020