what makes bilingual speakers special

While bilingualism is commonly associated with enhancements in memory, attention, and executive functioning, there remain many attributes of bilingual speakers that are not yet fully understood. In collaboration with Huanhuan Liu and colleagues in China, I have been involved in a series of ERP and fMRI experiments aimed at expanding our understanding of bilingualism. Our collaborative efforts have explored various topics, including the self-positivity bias in both local and foreign language contexts (Liu et al., 2022), as well as the impact of emotional conflicts on affective processing (Guo et al., 2022), among others. Our most recent research, which investigates the neural networks underlying language and modal control in bilinguals, has been published in the journal Neuropsychologia.

Related Publications


  1. PsyP
    An event-related potential study of self-positivity bias in native and foreign language contexts
    Shuang Liu, John W Schwieter, Fenqi Wang, and Huanhuan Liu
    Psychophysiology, 2023
  2. NeuroPsy
    Neural circuits underlying language control and modality control in bilinguals: An fMRI study
    Huanhuan Liu, Zibin Guo, Yishan Jiang, John W Schwieter, and Fenqi Wang
    Neuropsychologia, 2023


  1. CereCortex
    Cross-task adaptation effects of bilingual language control on cognitive control: A dual-brain eeg examination of simultaneous production and comprehension
    Huanhuan Liu, Wanqing Li, Mingyue Zuo, Fenqi Wang, Zibin Guo, and John W Schwieter
    Cerebral Cortex, 2022
  2. BioPsy
    First and second languages differentially affect rationality when making decisions: An ERP study
    Linyan Liu, John W Schwieter, Fenqi Wang, and Huanhuan Liu
    Biological Psychology, 2022
  3. CogNeudyn
    Conflicts influence affects: An FMRI study of emotional effects in a conflict task
    Tingting Guo, Fenqi Wang, Ningning Cao, and Huanhuan Liu
    Cognitive Neurodynamics, 2022
  4. PsyP
    Uncovering the effects of bilingual language control on rational decisions: An ERP study
    Dongxue Liu, John W Schwieter, Fenqi Wang, Li Mu, and Huanhuan Liu
    Psychophysiology, 2022


  1. JPsyL
    Effect of cognitive style on language control during joint language switching: An ERP study
    Man Zhang, Xin Wang, Fenqi Wang, and Huanhuan Liu
    Journal of psycholinguistic research, 2020